“Low Carbon Automotive Fuel” refers to automotive fuel whose emission intensity is lower than that of currently-‐used fossil gasoline and diesel from a whole-‐lifecycle perspective (including feedstock production and transport, fuel manufacturing and transport, fuel combustion/consumption, and all other related emission-‐related processes such as emissions from land use change, emissions avoided from the use of co-‐products of fuel production, etc.). Typically, the intensity is calculated according to the equivalent CO2 (carbon dioxide) emitted per megajoule energy (gCO2e/MJ). As China’s automotive industry develops, automotive fuel consumption also expanded dramatically, meaning that Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission has increased greatly, as has risk to oil and energy security in general. The development of low carbon automotive fuels is an important method for encouraging the creation of new alternative fuels, improving national nergy security and cutting back on transportation-‐related GHG emissions. These topics are all globally important issues, which should be considered seriously and integrated into strategic planning as a way to encourage and guide the “low carbon” oriented development of automotive fuels.
This policy recommendation report is the result of research on China’s low carbon fuel development background and importance, low carbon automotive fuel identification methodology, international low carbon automotive fuel policy experience, development of alternative fuels in China with respect to GHG emission avoidance and reduction – including scenario analysis, and lastly offers a roadmap for achieving low carbon fuel system, and a target for China to aim for in reducing the carbon intensity of its fuel system.