2014 International Forum on Shipping and Port Emission Control in Shanghai, China brings together officials and experts
On February 27, 2014 the Water Transportation Institute of the Ministry of Transport and the Vehicle Emission Control Center of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, sponsored by Energy Foundation China, jointly hosted the “2014 International Forum on Shipping and Port Emission Control” in Shanghai, China. More than 120 participants took part in the conference. Attendees included officials from the Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Environmental Protection, officials from local departments of transport, maritime and environmental protection, international experts and government officials, and experts from Chinese research institutes. The goal of the forum was to emphasize the importance of emission control in shipping and ports. Discussion topics focused on the emission standards of vessels and fuels, emission reduction technologies and related policies.
With China’s rapid economic growth, the country’s shipbuilding and cargo shipping industries are now ranked first in the world and have become an important emission source in coastal cities. But whereas stronger emission standards in vehicles are leading to lower emissions from road transportation, emissions from vessels and ports are currently unregulated in China. Emission standards for vessels have not been developed, the fuels used by these vessels have high sulfur concentrations, and emission inventories have not been established.
The forum brought in twelve speakers to share their knowledge and experience and provide policy recommendations. The speakers discussed international practices in vessel emission standards, vessel and port emission inventory building, and implementation of a low-sulfur fuel supply in Europe, the U.S., Hong Kong and other regions. They also discussed the status of research on these topics in China.
Participants agreed that emission standards in vessels and ports should be established and a green ports evaluation system be developed and implemented. They also recommended that an emission inventory be built, emission control plans be included in the upcoming 13th Five-year Plan, and low-sulfur fuels be adopted in vessels and ports. Finally, it was agreed that emission control measures should first be implemented in certain developed cities as demonstrations. With the joint efforts of central and local departments, vessels and ports emission control in China could be among the best in the world by 2020.