This memorandum focuses on top priorities for the air pollution law. Our comments are based on the positive and negative lessons from air pollution control in the United States and how we think those lessons best apply to the conditions in China. Our goal is to help China avoid the mistakes of the United States and make full use of China’s unique characteristics to move more quickly and efficiently to a healthy and sustainable environment. All of our comments are based upon the presentations and discussions from the workshop held by the Ministry of nvironmental Protection (MEP) in Beijing on November 3, 2008. This policy recommendation is divided into three parts: an executive summary, a set of comprehensive comments, and an appendix of itemized, suggested statutory language for important articles in the amended air pollution law.